14th to 12th century B.C.: first settlements.
11th century B.C.: arrival of the lapyges, an Illyrian settlement, maybe together with some mycenians
706 B.C.: Greek emigrates from Sparta found Taranto.
7th century B.C: the Iapyges devide into to three people: Daunians, Peucetians and Messapians.
5th century B.C. : the Iapyge kingdoms turn into city-states which become more or less republics.
473 B.C.: Taranto is defeated by a Messapian-Peucetian alliance, but reaches quickly its cultural peak.
4th century B.C. : the greek cultural influence spreads over Apulia.
Ca. 400 B.C. : the romans occupy progressively Apulia.
109 A.D. : the emperor Trajan modernizes the roman roads network. The Via Traiana which connects Rome to Brindisi go through Apulia.