Maps of the Antique
Pottery and ceramics
CAMPANIA: SOME DATES
1000 B.C.: Campania is inhabited by Opiques, Ausones, Aurunces, etc
750-740 B.C.: arrival of greek colonists, foundation of Cumes, Parthenope, etc
Ca 650 B.C.: expansion of the Etruscans, which occupy most of the Campania and found Capua.
Ca 600 B.C.: foundation of the greek colony of Poseidonia (city dedicated to Poseidon). The city will be occupied in 400 B.C by Lucanians, then becomes a Roman colony in 273 B.C under the name of Paestum.
Ca 509-506 B.C.: Latin free themselves from the Etruscans: the Etruscan cities of Campania, isolated from Etruria, weaken and are definitively lost in 423 B.C with the conquest of Capua by Samnites.
500-475 B.C.: The cities grow. Parthenope becomes Neapolis (the new city), Cumes being now the old city (Palaiopolis).
424 B.C.: Samnites attack the campanian cities.
404 B.C.: Athens is defeated and decline. The exportation of pottery decreases, opening the door to the competition of the workshops from Magna Graecia..
Between 343 and 304 B.C.: Rome gets rid of the Samnites in Campania, after two wars.
337 B.C.: the Romans settle in Cales, the old capital of the Aurunces which will be definitively beaten in 313 B.C.
292 B.C.: the Romans occupy all Campania.