The ancient worlds:  

Maps of the Antique
Mediterranean Sea

    Some dates
    Archaeological sites
    Language and Writing


     Magna Graecia



2700 B.C. : Bronze Age ; beginning of the early Helladic period and of the early Minoan period in Crete.

2100-1700 B.C. : Construction of the first Minoan palaces on Crete.

Ca. 1650 B.C. : Arrival of the Mycenians in Greece.

Ca. 1600 B.C. : The explosion of the volcano on Santorini weakens the Minoan civilization irremediably.

Ca. 1450 B.C. : Mycenians palaces. The Mycenians occupy Crete.

1400-1200 B.C. : Mycenian apogee (Trojan War).

1100 B.C. : "Dark centuries". The Dorians arrive in Greece.

Ca. 800 B.C. : Greece of the Cities. The greek writing appears and the colonies multiply.

776 B.C. : First Olympic Games.

683 B.C. : Abolition of the monarchy in Athens, reforms of Solon

500 B.C. : Beginnings of the Athenian democracy

500-478 B.C. : Medic wars. Following the victory against Persians, Athens imposes its maritime and commercial might on the “league of Delos”. Pericles employs the treasure of the league for building the monuments of Athens.

431 B.C. : Peloponnesian War. In 404, Athens is subjected to Sparte.

352 B.C. : Philippe II of Macedonia occupies Thessalia and then all the north of Greece.

339-337 B.C. : Thebes and Athens try to stop the progression of Macedonians, but Philippe II gains the victory of Cheronee and joins together the greek cities in the League of Corinth.

323 B.C. : Alexandre‘s death marks the beginning of the hellenistic era.

197-196 B.C. : the Romans occupy Macedonian Greece. The independence of the Greek cities is proclaimed.

146 B.C. : Repression of uprisings. Corinth is destroyed, Greece becomes the roman province of Achaïe.

330 : Constantin Ist declares Byzance second capital of the Empire.

395 : When Theodoses dies, the roman empire is divided between the western and the eastern empire, which will be then called Byzantine empire.