753 B.C.: Legendary date of the foundation of Rome.
616-509 B.C.: Domination of the Etruscan kings.
509 B.C.: Beginning of the Roman Republic after the ousting of the last Etruscan king, Tarquin the Superb.
390 B.C.: Gallic invasion…
366 B.C.: The institutions set up themselves: the plebs reaches the consulate.
343-291 B.C.: Samnite wars.
340-338 B.C.: War and dissolution of the Latin league.
281-272 B.C.: War against Pyrrhus.
272 B.C.: The war leads to fall of Tarentu, which marks the beginning of the hellenistic influence.
265 B.C.: Rome subjects Etrurie and thus dominates the Italian peninsula.
264-241 B.C.: First Punic War. Sicily becomes thus the first Roman province.
231 B.C.: Sardinia and Corsica become Roman provinces.
218-201 B.C.: Second Punic War, Hannibal’s defeat.
200-188 B.C.: Rome turns toward the east.
197 B.C.: Roman victory of Flamininus against Philippe V of Makedonia at Cynocephales.
196 B.C.: Flaminius proclaims the freedom of Greece.
148-146 B.C.: Third Punic War, which ends with the destruction of Carthage. Macedonia becomes a province.
83-82 B.C.: The political competition turn to the civil war.
82-79 B.C.: Dictatorship of Sylla.
73-71 B.C.: Revolt of Spartacus.
60 B.C.: Julius Caesar forms a triumvirate with Pompee and Crassus.
58-50 B.C.: War of Gaules.
49 B.C.: Julius Caesar seizes the power.
44 B.C.: Julius Caesar is assassinated. A new civil war begins
31 B.C.: Battle of Actium - Octave remains the only master and occupies Egypt.
27 B.C.: Octave becomes Augustus, first emperor of Rome.
17 B.C.: The Germanic area becomes imperial province.
51-63: War against Parthes.
70: Destruction of Jerusalem by Titus.
70-80: Construction of the Coliseum.
79: Eruption of the Vesuvio, destruction of Pompéi and Herculanum.
117: The Roman empire reaches his maximum extension.
250-304: Persecution against the Christians.
313: Constantin adopts Christianity.
330: Constantinople is declared capital of the Empire.
392: After having imposed Christianity as state religion, Theodosis Ist prohibits paganism.
395: When he dies, the empire is shared between his sons Honorius for the western Empire and Arcadius for the East.
410: Catch of Rome by Alaric, chief of Goths.
455: Plundering of Rome by the Vandal Genseric.
476: Fall of Romulus Augustule, last Roman Emperor, after the catch of Rome by Odoacre, king of Herules.