Educational Resources on the Ancient Mediterranean World


Editorial - september 1st, 2016

When monkeys gathered saffron

It’s easy to imagine the perplexity of archaeologists when they discover an unknown or incomplete item. What could it be used for? If you already played our "Whazzat thing" game, you realize that it requires intuition, thorough knowledge and some erudition.

On the face of it, even the all-knowing Google will not help you a lot, for playing our "Whazzat thing" game !

Our "Whazzat thing" nr.7.

In many cases, knowledge was insufficient at the time of the discovery, but improved since and came to question former interpretations.

When Sir Arthur Evans excavated the Minoan palace of Knossos, he discovered some fragments of frescoes (below, parts with a white outline), and saw there a young man harvesting saffron.

The discovery of other frescos, where blue monkeys frequently appear, was necessary to understand the real subject of the fresco, now corrected as follows:

By the way, a fragment of the monkey's tail, unnoticed originally, was visible...

As knowledge and analysis methods progress, we often have to revise an artefact’s dating, origin, or to reconsider its authenticity. The archeologist’s job therefore requires, in addition, much caution and humility.

But after all, isn’t it the same for each of us? Mustn’t we be able to reconsider even our certainties? Ancient philosophers already told us so 2000 years ago. Then came the time of doctrines.

And precisely now, when some people’s convictions lead to massacres, those ancient authors disappear from the french highschool program. What a pity !

René Kauffmann

Read all our former News memos on our page "Fellowship" -> Newsletter !

A 3D image of Cleopatra's nose ?

In our may issue, we observed that museums display few ancient coins, though they often have rich collections. Is this because visitors pay little attention to them? That’s what thought the Saint-Raymond Museum in Toulouse : with its customary dynamism, it recently set up a presentation that could change things.

Noting that visitors quickly forsook the numismatics showcase when they entered the room, and watched the marble portrait gallery, the museum wished to draw attention to the fact that roman coins are also portraits. It recently set up, in one of its showcases, a computer application that makes the coins more visible and highlights their interesting features. On the touch screen, visitors can scroll through the coins, zoom in and display details.

Then, three marble busts were modeled. On the screen, visitors can handle their 3D-picture and read further information.

Moreover, they can match them with the portrait that appears on coins, in order to superimpose both profiles.

This project gathered together with the Saint-Raymond Museum, the skills of IMA Solutions (digitisation), Tataragne interactive (development) and Emilie Cazin Design (showcase design). Pictures © Emilie Cazin Design.

This strongly increases the showcase’s interest: we can appreciate the similarity between the character’s profiles, and we immediately understand how Roman coins, which also show the figure’s name, can be used to identify a previously anonymous bust. A very attractive task for the detective that lies dormant in each of us.

Can we go even further ? In recent years, 3D modeling has made tremendous progress, developing simulation (i.e. to reproduce ancient statues with their real colours), restitution and augmented reality (to display buildings in their initial state)...
We all saw documentaries telling that we have almost no portrait of the famous queen Cleopatra, with the exception of a bust in Berlin, some Egyptian representations which are not real portraits and a few coins.

It’s easy to get a "medal profile" by processing a 3D model’s data, but is it possible, conversely, to process the picture of an ancient coin – a well-known figure – to produce a 3D bust?
Yes, at least to some extent, because this process requires to add some missing data. In particular, the ancient currency represents only the character’s profile, and never front views. We know how to manipulate faces – i.e. to represent that of a mummy from his skull - but the accuracy barely exceeds that of a good identikit. Which is not bad.
So, in the last ten years, newspapers often showed us the "real face" of Cleopatra, Tutankhamun, king Richard III and other mythical characters, recreated from contemporary imagery and descriptions, sculptures, and - when we could identify it - their skeleton. And we may soon meet them and even chat with them, since 3D glasses are already available...

Getting your 3D portrait ?

3D printers are now widespread and you can get a statuette, an “ancient” coin or a bust of yourself, like a Roman emperor !

© Repliqua 3D

In 2013, in Toulouse (once more), Digiteyezer set up the first french "3D photo booth". Today, several companies offer you the opportunity to get your statue, bust or figurine.

The prices are yet rather high (from a few dozen to several hundred euros), and if the posing time is only a few minutes, data processing, modeling, realization and finishing (sometimes in colour !) require some patience, but well...

More interactive "satellite view" maps

Following our
Interactive map of French museums and Archaeological sites

and our
Interactive map of Greeks museums and Ancient Greek archaeological sites,

Here is our new
Interactive map of Etruscan archaeological sites and Museums.

Click here
... (we go on : to be continued soon)

Our quiz nr 11:

Do you know the Etruscans?

You may think that our Western culture rests essentially on the contribution of Greece and Rome.

You would then forget the essential role played by Etruscans in the transmission of ancient knowledge as well as their contribution to Roman culture.

By the way, what do you know about them?

Play with us !

Whazzat thing nr 22 !

Collectors call this nice Greek bowl using the name of a city ... where it does not come from! It is neither Athenian, nor Corinthian, it is... what exactly ?

Here is the answer!

...And as usual...

Follow our "ancient worlds diary".

Get permanently informed on new exhibitions, conferences and events in France on the field of ancient mediterranean civilisations. For further information:

click here..

See you soon on our pages!
Any comment and suggestion are welcome!

Write !...

...and follow us on social networks:


Receive our News Memos !
Subscribe here !